Dom zarządzającego stadem (fot. archiwum SK Widzów)
(fot. archiwum SK Widzów)
(źródło: monografia Stadnina Koni Widzów – Skrzydlów)
Dom zarządzającego stadem (fot. archiwum SK Widzów)
The history of the Stud in Widzow dates back to the late nineteenth century. When prices Stefan and Władysław Lubomirscy established in their estate in Kruszyna, a stud of Thoroughbred horses. Stefan was the landlord of Kruszyna and was the first president of the Polish Olympic Committee established in 1919 (later PKOL). Władysław - horse expert, sportsman and artist - sponsored, among others, Warsaw Symphony Orchestra. Stanisław - economist and the first president of Industrial Bank in Warsaw - founded the first aircraft factory in Poland.
The first horses were brought from England. Initially, they ran on the track in nearby Pławnia, and then on the Mokotów Track in Warsaw. The development of the stud equals an increasing number of horses which required the enlargement of the land, which prompted the Lubomirski to buy in 1896 a few kilometres from the Widzew farm. Modern stables were built there with drained paddocks.
Two rope starting machines were imported from England. One of which was transferred to Tor Mokotowski in Warsaw, the other was in the stud and was used to teach young horses to take off. The Lubomirski family brought one of the first horse truck, which transported horses from railway stations to racing stables.
Until the outbreak of World War I, the Lubomirski racehorses triumphed on Polish, Russian, Austro-Hungarian and German tracks, winning: 4 times Derby (twice in Warsaw, once in Moscow and Vienna), twice Great Badenska St., Leger in Budapest, Oaks several times in Warsaw, Moscow and Vienna.
In those days, the best racing horses of the Lubomirski stables were:
Sac à Papier (bay, 1896, Salisbury - First Flight by Melton), as two, three and four-year-olds won three races in Petersburg: the Matador prize and the Nawoja Award. The greatest triumph in his career was winning the Emperor Award (Schuch , 1978). This stallion, despite his average racing career, became famous as a good sire. It is believed that he was the second biggest breeding stud of the turn of the 19th and 20th century, after the legendary Ruleera. The most famous offspring of Sac á Papier were: Intrygant (1905), Kartacz (1907), Prince Pan (1907), Lira (1908), Mości Prince (1910), Oszczep (1912) (http://www.pkwk.pl/).
Grom (bay, 1903, Carlton - Tempete), this stallion won the Lubomirski Derby at Pole Mokotowskie in Warsaw in 1906, in Moscow he won in Produce and was third in Derby.
Fluor (bay, 1902, Carlton - Fleur de Luce), ran in Warsaw, Moscow and St. Petersburg, winning in a total of 11 races. His greatest triumph was winning the All-Russian Derby in Moscow, he was second in the Warsaw Derby, he also won Produce in St. Petersburg.
Intrygant (bay, 1905, Sac à Papier - Impatient), won the Produce Award in St. Petersburg, Moscow and Warsaw, Middle Park Plate awards in Moscow, Trial in St. Petersburg, Lobau Rennen awards in Vienna, Vienna Derby - leading from start to finish.
Jasna Pani (1906, Sac à Papier - Tempete), in 1909 she won the Produce Award named after Ludwika Grabowski, in Petersburg also won the Produce award, in Moscow the valuable Triochgorna prize, the equivalent of the Oaks prize, in 1910 she won November Hcp in Vienna, and in Warsaw she unbeatable in 3 major races: J. Zamoyski, Emperor and Weiter Awards.
Książe Pan (bay, 1907, Sac à Papier - Tempete), in 1910 he won in Germany the great international award - Grosser Preis, in Vienna Preis v. Neubau, in 1911 he won the Preis v. Merkentsein again, in 1912 he won three important races: Südbahn Hcp., Amaranthus R and Preis v. Simmering. Then sent back to Warsaw, he was second in the Imperial Award and won the second prize in the competition for full-blood stallions in Kiev.
Kartacz (bay, 1907, Sac à Papier - Namouna), as a two-year-old ran in Warsaw and St. Petersburg, winning, among others, the Middle Park Plate in the Polish capital. In Vienna won Preis von Erdberg as a three-year-old, and in Derby it is easy to get to Warsaw
Lira (bay, 1908, Sac a Paier - Elly Langden), Viennese and Moscow oaks. As a two-year-old she was sent to the Russian tracks. In St. Petersburg she won fromnthe main series: Trial, Produce and Neva River, and in Moscow - from the same series - Produce and Middle Park Plate. As a three-year-old she started without successes, losing 3 times, but the good form came back when she won Mai Rennen, and consequently, she won her greatest triumph - the Osterreichischer Stutenpreis. After returning to Russia, she won the Triochgorna Award (Russian Oaks). The great victories of Lira have obscured by the worse results. She suffered a fairly frequent and sudden change in form. The period of success followed by a period of failures. It was characteristic of her entire racing career. Lira deserves to be placed among the most outstanding Polish breeding mares. Such a high class, such great racing abilities, must, of course, be attributed to the fact that she was born from a combination of the blood of two of the most outstanding stud: Ruller and Sac and Papier, whose pedigrees adorn the names of valuable English stallions the same class as Melton, excellent Isonomy and fast Camballo.
Łom (bay, 1909, Gouvernat - Tempete), as a two-year-old won in for Widzew race Soltykoff St. in English Newmarket, which was the second victory of Polish breeding horses in England after the Perkun stallion (bred by SK Krasne, who won in 1885 The Flying Hcp., also in Newmarket). He started as a three-year-old in English 2000 Guineas Stakes. In the German Derby he was third, he won as much as 12 races in his career, mainly Austria and Germany.
Mości Książe (chestnut, 1910, Sac à Papier - Izbica), later sire, father of derbies Fala. It was one of the greatest horses bred by Lubomirski in Widzów, and also one of the best bred in Poland ever. Grandson of the mare Tempete (1896, Dunure - Szende), son of Izbica (daughter of Carlton, the birth sister of derby Groma) and stallion Sac a Papier. In 1913 won in amazing style Grosser Preis von Baden Baden, in Hungarian St. Leger, in the Derby of Germany and Austria he was second, but as the witnesses claimed, he lost them only due to the mistakes of jockeys.
The Lubomirski breeding and racing activities were developing rapidly, which made the stud become a model for other breeders of Thoroughbred horses in Poland. Lubomirski often employed foreign trainers and jokers. Stallion Książe Pan in the victorious Grosser Preis von Baden-Baden race was mounted by a black American James Winkfield, who previously won twice the American Derby in Kentucky and twice Derby in Warsaw. Stallion - Intrygant - winner in the winning Derby in Vienna mounted the leading European jockey George Stern, who won the English Derby in Epson and twice was the second in them.
From 1897, the Lubomirski family published their annual jurnals "A herd of full English and half-bred horses of Stefan Andrzej, Władysław and Stanisław Lubomirski in Kruszyna," Widzów farmstead ", containing breeding information and race results. With their own edition, they published book by Bruce Lowe. "The breeding of racehorses according to the numerical system"
The outbreak of the First World War forced the evacuation of the herd, part of which went to Austria. Unfortunately, during the war, a large part of the horses were lost, and the attempts to rebuild the herd after the war failed. The horses that were saved were found in Kruszyna and the stud farm in Natalin, owned by Natalia Lubomirska. Unfavourable economic conditions and enormous losses led to the destruction of the previous achievements of many years of hard work and. Owners were forced to sell the Widzów farm (without horses) in 1926.
In 1931, the new owner leased the Widzów farm to a well-known breeder, Henryk Woźniakowski, who brought here a herd of whole blood horses from Starzawa. Until the end of World War II, he successfully ran a stud and a racing stable. During the war his horses were running on tracks in Lviv and Lublin. In 1942, the spectator stallion Bomber won the equivalent of Derby and 5 other races, and Widzów took the first place in terms of wins. In January 1945 on the day of entering the Soviet army, Woźniakowski was forced to leave Widzów, and the horses were plundered.
In 1947, the State Horse Stud Farm was established, which was connected with the half-bred horse stud at Skrzydlowo (former stud farm of Reszków brothers), creating one enterprise based in Skrzydlowo, operating in such an organizational arrangement until 2000. In July 2000, the horse farm in Widzów was privatized, and its buyer was Krzysztof Tyszko, who for the next 10 years took care of the development of horse breeding. In 2010 he died unexpectedly. All of the properties and land passed into the hands of his family - Anna's wife and children.
The position of the main breeder for over 40 years remained in the hands of a specialist Jarosław Koch, who took this spot in 1968 after the death of the previous head of the stud Leonid Ter-Asaturowa and held until the end of 2012. His consistently implemented breeding policy gives effects in the form of racing successes. He is the only breeder whose three horses in one year (1980) won all 5 classic prizes: Spring, Ruler, Derby, Oaks, St. Leger and the prestigious Great Warsaw.
After World War II, the stud was and still continues to be very successful in racing as well as breeding. The signs of this are numerous victories at home and abroad. Widzówhorses won the following classics: 8 times Derby Award, 7 - Ruler Award, Oaks and St. Leger, 6 - Spring Prize, 10 - Great Warsaw Award, 9-prime Prime Minister's Award, over 150 other non-staged list prizes and dozens of races abroad. Six times the horses were awarded the title of Horse of the Year: Dixieland (1980), Sonora (1982), Szarlatan (1996), Dżajajka (2000), San Luis (2005) and San Moritz (2007). Twelve horses triple-crowded after the war, three of them are in Widzow: Dipol, Dżajajka and San Moritz.
This text is regarding the history of the stud based in Widzow. It has been based on the following publications and information found on websites belove:
Koch J., 2011. Historia Historia Studi Koni Widzów
Zieliński R., 2014. Polish mares Winnica and Orsza in the pedigree of the winner of Kentucky
Schuch S., 1978. Stud Koni Widzów - Skrzydlów. At the same time Breeding and Trading of Animals, monograph 13,
Państwowe Wydawnictwo Rolnicze i Leśne, Warsaw
Photographs contained in the text come from the private archive of SK Widzów,and the monograph of the Stud of Horses Spectators - Skrzydlów by S. Schuch.
Also used were photos by Monika Metza - Jodłowska and Oliwia Chmielewska.